Elections Ukraine 2012

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About the Parliamentary Electoral Process in Ukraine

The Ukrainian parliament is elected for five years and consists of 450 members. Under the reintroduced mixed electoral system, half of the parliament will be elected proportionally from political party lists and half in single mandate constituencies with a simple majority vote.

Parliamentary elections are administered by a three-level system: the Central Election Commission (CEC), 225 District Election Commissions (DECs), and some 33,500 Precinct Election Commissions (PECs). The composition of DECs and PECs is based on political nominations from parliamentary fractions, and parties and candidates contesting the elections; the latter are chosen by lottery.

Parties can nominate a list of candidates in the nationwide district. Candidates in single-mandate districts can be nominated by parties or through self-nomination. By a decision of the Constitutional Court, candidates can only stand in one or the other contest. Both categories of candidate are registered by the CEC.

All campaign expenses must come from official electoral funds. These comprise parties’ own resources and voluntary contributions from individuals. There are no campaign expenditure limits. The law does not provide for full disclosure, before and after elections.

Official observers from parties, candidates and NGOs have broad and comprehensive rights. There are a number of NGOs that have significant experience in election observation and plan to deploy thousands of observers focusing on both long-term and short-term observation.

This information was excerpted from the Ukraine Parliamentary Elections 28 October 2012 OSCE/ODHIR Needs Assessment Mission Report from 22-25 May 2012.

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