During their first few years in a host country, immigrants typically earn less than native-born individuals. However, immigrants’ relative earnings rise in subsequent years as they obtain host-country experience, acquire language skills, and learn about local labour markets. For example, during their first five years in Canada, immigrants who landed during the late 1970s had earnings that were 85% of those of their Canadian-born counterparts; after 11 to 15 years, their relative earnings had reached 92%. The earnings of later immigrant cohorts were typically lower. The earnings of immigrants who landed in the early 1990s were 60% of those of their Canadian-born counterparts during their first five years in Canada, reaching 78% after 11 to 15 years.
Source: Longitudinal Administrative Database (LAD); the Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB); and the Census of Population.
New Immigrants’ Assessments of Their Life in Canada..
Source: Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (LSIC).
Children of immigrants tend to achieve higher levels of education than children of Canadian-born parents, but there are wide differences in rates of completing university among young people of different national origins.
Youth of Asian immigrant parents, except for Filipinos, had higher rates of obtaining a university degree by the time they were aged 25 to 34 in 2002 than most youth of European origin.
University completion rates ranged from over 65% for youth of immigrant parents from China and India to 24% among second-generation German and Central and South American youth. As a benchmark, about 28% of the children of Canadian-born parents had completed university by the time they were aged 25 to 34. Nearly one-third of youth whose parents were from the Caribbean, Portugal and the Netherlands completed university education.
Source: 2002 Ethnic Diversity Survey.
Issue No. 6 – February 2012
What is Ethnocultural News?
Behind the thousands of number series that Statistics Canada puts out every day, there are hundreds of fascinating facts and stories about our land and our lives.
Please let us know what you like, don’t like, or would like to see more of. We look forward to hearing from you. Please email us at:
UPCOMING LEARNING SESSIONS
Immigration & Diversity session (please click on link to register):
Upcoming Community Profilessession:
All given times are Vancouver / Pacific Time.
The sessions will last 60 minutes, including Q&A. There is no cost to attend. All you need is a computer connected to the internet, and a phone line.
Once the host approves your request, you will receive a confirmation email with instructions for joining the meeting.
2011 Census: Population and dwelling counts
The increase in the growth rate was attributable to slightly higher fertility and to an increase in the number of non-permanent residents and immigrants.
Canada’s population increased at a faster rate than the population of any other member of the G8 group of industrialized nations between 2006 and 2011. This was also the case between 2001 and 2006.
Net international migration (the difference between immigrants and emigrants) accounted for two-thirds of Canada’s population growth during the last 10 years, and natural increase (the difference between births and deaths) for about one-third. In contrast, recent population growth in the United States has been mainly the result of natural increase.
The 2011 Census of Population enumerated 33,476,688 people in Canada, compared with 31,612,897 in 2006.
To take full advantage of Census data, users need to have a basic understanding of the terms related to geography concepts.
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