The National Security and Defense Council (RNBO) reported that situation in the area of the anti-terrorist operation remains tense. Yesterday representatives of the trilateral observation group agreed to implement a ‘regime of silence/ceasefire’ from06.30 pm. However, Kremlin-backed terrorists violated the agreement. Shelling of positions of the Ukrainian armed forces continued, although it was not as intensive as earlier. During the last 24 hours, the RNBO reported shelling in the area of the Donetsk airport and the settlements of Nikishyne, Orlovo-Ivanivka and Novo Orlivka. Kremlin-backed Terrorists also shelled the positions of Ukrainian Armed Forces near the settlements of Tonenke, Krasnohorivka, Oleksandrivka and Donetskiy with ‘Grad’ truck-mounted multiple rocket launcher systems. The RNBO reported no clashes in parts of Ukrainian-Russian border controlled by Ukrainian Armed Forces. However, the Kremlin backed terrorists continue aerial reconnaissance in the area of Mariupol. During the last day 3 hostages were released. 3 Ukrainian forces servicemen were killed and 12 were injured.
2. UN Report on Human Rights: Russian citizens fight in eastern Ukraine
The sixth report on the human rights situation in Ukraine was released today by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. According to the report, armed groups of the self-proclaimed ‘Donetsk people’s republic’ (DNR) and ‘Luhansk people’s republic’ (LNR) were bolstered by an increasing number of foreign fighters, including numerous citizens of the Russian Federation. The organizations continue to terrorize the population in areas under their control, pursuing killings, abductions, torture, ill-treatment and other serious human rights abuses, including destruction of housing and seizure of property. An unlawful ‘criminal code’ was adopted by the so-called ‘DNR and entered ‘into force’ on 18 August. Modelled on the criminal code of the Russian Federation, its provisions include the establishment of military tribunals to implement death sentences to be applied in cases of aggravated murder. The report documents that between 6 Septemberand 6 October, at least 331 fatalities were recorded, and more than 275,489 registered internally displaced persons (IDPs) remained partly without the commensurate assistance and care. Multiple ongoing violations in Crimea are also reported by the UNHCHR.
3. Verkhovna Rada changed boundaries of Luhansk Region The Ukrainian Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) has changed the administrative and territorial system of Luhansk region and set new boundaries of the Novoaidar, Slovianoserbsk, Perevalsk and Popasna districts in the region. When addressing the parliament, the head of the Luhansk region administration, MP Hennadiy Moskal said that the borders should be changed to ensure that people in the liberated areas could receive pensions, social benefits and wages.
4. Ukraine receives non-lethal military equipment from USA The Border Service of Ukraine has received non-lethal military equipment from the USA. The aid was provided as part of the agreements between the authorities of the USA and Ukraine, 5 Kanal TV reported today. Border guards received: bullet-proof vests, thermal cameras, binoculars, kneepads and warm clothes, as well as several unmanned aerial vehicles and heavy equipment that will be used to assist in the construction of the state border. The US assistant Secretary of State, Victoria Nuland, participated in the handover of the equipment. She said there would be several deliveries