Crisis in Ukraine: Daily Briefing
10 October, 6 PM Kyiv time
1. Russian Invasion of Ukraine
The National Security and Defense Council (RNBO) stated at 12PM Kyiv time that Kremlin-backed terrorists continue to violate the conditions of the ceasefire. During attacks, Kremlin-backed terrorists mostly used mortars, small arms, and sometimes armored vehicles. The RNBO stated that the number of rocket and artillery attacks has diminished in the last days. During the last 24 hours 7 Ukrainian soldiers were wounded. Most of the attacks took place near Debaltsevo and Shchastya. Ukrainian soldiers repelled an attack by Kremlin-backed terrorists on the Donetsk airport and continue to control the airport. The RNBO stated that mercenaries, trained by the Main Intelligence Department of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in Rostov-on-Don, continued to enter Ukraine. According to operational information, in the last 48 hours, nearly 40 buses of Kremlin-backed terrorists entered Ukraine. During the night of 9-10 October, a column of some 30 military vehicles entered Ukraine near Uspenky, Donetsk, from Russian territory. The RNBO reported that from 6:30 PM Kyiv time on 9 October to 3:30 AM Kyiv time on 10 October, Kremlin-backed terrorists shelled Kuibyshev district in Donetsk city; 10 residential buildings were damaged.
2. Poroshenko removes head of Donetsk Oblast State Administration; appoints new head
Ukrainian President P. Poroshenko removed Serhiy Taruta as head of the Donetsk Oblast State Administration (governor). Poroshenko appointed Gen. Oleksandr Kykhtenko in his place.
3. US Assistant Secretary of State: No sanctions must be relieved until Ukrainian sovereignty over its borders restored
Speaking at the Aspen Institute in Berlin on 9 October, US Assistant Secretary of State V. Nuland stated, “Just two days ago I stood before an audience of brilliant young students in Ukraine at Shevchenko University — the very kids who stood just seven months ago in the snow on the Maidan fighting for their human dignity, their freedom, their opportunity, their chance to live as citizens in the U.S. live, as citizens in Germany live. They are counting on us. They are counting on our support. And throughout this crisis no country in Europe has led more strongly than Germany — politically, economically or morally. […] And Germany has also led in the EU, in making it absolutely clear to Russia that when it violates basic international law, when it operates by the principle that big countries can just trample small ones at will, that there will be costs and in imposing tough sectoral sanctions on Russia and on the separatist cronies. Today, there is a peace deal on paper in Ukraine. There is, thankfully, peace across a lot of eastern Ukraine. But as you know, the peace deal is still being violated in key sectors. If there is truly to be peace in Ukraine all 12 points of the Minsk peace deal must be implemented and we as a Trans-Atlantic community of support for Ukraine must help Ukraine insist on it. And there must be no sanctions relieved until all foreign forces and equipment have left Ukraine, until Ukrainian sovereignty over its international border has been restored, and until all of the hostages have been released.”
4. US Ambassador to OSCE: Mandate of OSCE mission at Russian checkpoints “grossly inadequate”
On 9 October at a meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council following the presentation of the Acting Chief Observer of the OSCEObserver Mission at the Russian Checkpoints of Gukovo and Donetsk, US Ambassador D. Baer stated, “we have advocated for a peaceful, negotiated solution. Accordingly, we welcomed the September 5 Minsk Protocol that first established the ceasefire and the September 19 Minsk memorandum. As currently drafted, however, the mandate of the Observer Mission at the Russian Checkpoints of Gukovo and Donetsk is grossly inadequate to allow this Organization to support, monitor, and verify the implementation of the Minsk Protocol and memorandum successfully. We would welcome a draft decision both to extend and to expand the mandate of the Observer Mission at the earliest opportunity.” In a Response to the Russian Federation, Baer stated that the OSCE Observer Mission at the Russian Checkpoints of Gukovo and Donetsk “has access to approximately one kilometer of the border. There is approximately 300 kilometers of border that is not under Ukrainian control on the Ukrainian side. So this is a very small fraction of the border. To be frank, the observer mission is able to see only what the Russian Federation wants the observer mission to see, in that one kilometer. […]There needs to be monitoring, and a weapons-free zone on both sides of the international border. The Russian Federation calls the Observer Mission a ‘goodwill gesture’. Securing the border isn’t a goodwill gesture; this is something that the Russian Federation signed up to on September 5th. (They called it a ‘goodwill gesture’ – and I disputed that at the time – before there was a ceasefire, but surely after there’s a ceasefire to which the Russian Federation has signed up, this is no longer something that anyone can consider a “goodwill gesture”.) This is simply a question of whether the Russian Federation, in a year in which it has violated so many of the commitments and promises it has made, is again going to violate a commitment that it made a little over a month ago.”