Crisis in Ukraine: Daily Briefing
12 May 2016, 7 PM Kyiv time
1. Russian Invasion of Ukraine
The National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (RNBO) reported that yesterday towards Luhansk, Russian-terrorist forces fired on Ukrainian positions at Shchastya and Popasne. Towards Donetsk, Russian-terrorist forces fired on Ukrainian positions at Luhanske village and Zaytseve. At Avdiyivka, Russian-terrorist forces shelled Ukrainian positions with mortars. Towards Mariupol, Russian-terrorist forces shelled Ukrainian positions at Berezove with mortars and fired on Ukrainian positions along the Maryinka-Shyrokyne line. The RNBO reported that in the last 24 hours, no Ukrainian soldiers were killed or wounded in action.
2. Yuri Lutsenko appointed General Prosecutor of Ukraine
Yuri Lutsenko was appointed General Prosecutor of Ukraine. Lutsenko was formerly head of the Poroshenko Bloc parliamentary faction and former Minister of Internal Affairs (2005-2006 and 2007-10). The General Prosecutor is nominated by the President and confirmed by Parliament. 264 MPs (minimum 226) supported Lutsenko’s nomination. Earlier in the day, Ukraine’s Parliament adopted a law allowing the appointment of persons without a law degree to the post of General Prosecutor, opening the way for Lutsenko’s nomination and appointment.
3. European Parliament calls for EU financial support for Crimean Tatar Mejlis
The European Parliament adopted a Resolution, which states, “whereas the European Union and the international community have repeatedly voiced their concern over the situation of human rights in the occupied territories and the systematic persecution of those who do not recognise the new authorities; whereas these so-called authorities have targeted the indigenous community of Crimean Tatars, a majority of whom oppose the Russian takeover of the peninsula […] whereas the Mejlis has now been declared an extremist organisation and included in the Russian Justice Ministry’s list of NGOs whose activities must be suspended; […] [the European Parliament] Strongly condemns the decision of the so-called Supreme Court of Crimea to ban the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People, and demands its immediate reversal; considers this decision to constitute systemic and targeted persecution of the Crimean Tatars, and to be a politically motivated action […] calls for the EU to provide financial support for the activities of the Mejlis while it is in exile; calls for increased financing for human rights organisations working on behalf of Crimea; […]Welcomes the Ukrainian initiative to establish an international negotiation mechanism in the ‘Geneva Plus’ format for the re-establishment of Ukrainian sovereignty over Crimea, which should include direct engagement by the EU; calls on the Russian Federation to start negotiations with Ukraine and other parties on the de-occupation of Crimea.” The full text of the resolution is available athttp://www.europarl.europa.eu/
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4. Ukraine at UN Security Council: Russia employing broad range of hybrid warfare tactics, including financing terrorism
Speaking at a meeting of the UN Security Council on 11 May at the debate on Threats to International Peace and Security Caused by Terrorist Acts, Ukraine’s Permanent Representative V. Yelchenko stated, “For more than 2 years, Ukraine has suffered from the aggression of its neighbour, the Russian Federation. Russia has temporarily occupied and attempted to illegally annex a part of the territory of Ukraine – the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol – and continues hostile and subversive actions, supporting terrorism in the Donbas region. Russia employs a broad range of hybrid warfare techniques, including financing terrorism, to promote ideology of the so-called “Russian world” […] This neo-imperialist ideology tolerates and encourages violation of the international law, human rights, perpetration of serious crimes, including terrorists acts. Fierce, deceitful propaganda disseminated by the State-controlled Russian media and through numerous means is one of the key elements of the ongoing hybrid aggression against Ukraine. […] There are reported cases of teenagers’ participation in the activities of the Russian-backed terrorist organizations so-called “DNR” and “LNR”, which attacked several times civilians in certain areas of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions of Ukraine, using armaments and munitions supplied by the Russian Federation. Some are 15-years old and even younger. There is also credible information that the Russian proxies and their Kremlin masters are forcing pupils and students into their ranks using different means of influence, including religious organizations. Moreover, there are numerous testimonies that such means as promising to annul criminal records or to repay loans are practiced in the Russian campaign to recruit mercenaries into the terrorist gangs operating in the Donbas. Young people are common victims of such recruitment campaign. Therefore, apart from comprehensive efforts to eliminate the social, economic, cultural, religious and other grounds for the spread of violent extremism and terrorism, there is a need to address such phenomena as State propaganda of intolerance and hatred, as well as information wars, which often serve as part of hybrid warfare.”