Ukraine: Daily Briefing – February 11, 2019, 8 PM Kyiv time

Ukraine: Daily Briefing
February 11, 2019, 8 PM Kyiv time
Operation UNIFIER. Photo – Forces.gc.ca
1. Russian Invasion of Ukraine
Ukraine’s Ministry of Defense reported at 12:30 PM Kyiv time that on February 10 Ukrainian troops had no casualties. In the last 24 hours, Russian-terrorist forces opened fire nine times on Ukrainian positions on the Luhansk and Donetsk sectors, including three times using heavy weapons.
The press centre of Ukraine’s Joint Forces Operation released an intelligence report saying that two invaders were killed and two were wounded as a result of returning fire by the Ukrainian Armed Forces in the last 48 hours.
On Friday, February 8, Russian-terrorist forces opened fire nine times on Ukrainian positions in the Luhansk and Donetsk sectors, including several times using heavy weapons. Unfortunately, Ukrainian troops suffered casualties on Friday: one service member was killed in action and two service members were wounded in action. On Saturday, February 9, Ukrainian positions were shelled 10 times by the enemy wounding three Ukrainian service members.
2. Commentary: 25 years after Ukraine denuclearized, Russian aggression persists
Photo – Euromaidanpress
In addition to violation of its commitment to Ukraine Russia has demonstrated untrustworthiness in an international system report Strobe Talbott and Maggie Tennis from the Brookings Institution in their latest commentary.
Both Talbott and Tennis recall how twenty-five years ago this week, the United States, Russia, and Ukraine signed the Trilateral Statement and Annex, in which Ukraine agreed to transfer its nuclear stockpile to Russia, in exchange for compensation for the nuclear warheads, assistance in dismantling missiles, and security assurances from the United States, Russia, and the United Kingdom who all signed the Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances with Ukraine, guaranteeing respect for Ukraine’s borders, independence, and sovereignty, and promising to refrain from the threat or use of economic and military force.
In 2014, Russia violated the terms of the Budapest Memorandum by using military force to seize the Crimean Peninsula, and later by supporting a violent separatist movement in eastern Ukraine.
Talbott and Tennis argue that the response to Russia’s violation has been disturbingly weak from the international community. “Russia’s transgression sends a message to countries like North Korea and Iran that they have less reason to trust security assurances or the involvement of Russia in future nonproliferation negotiations or commitments.
To reinforce a commitment to nonproliferation, Washington must do more for Ukraine. That means maintaining tight sanctions and escalating pressure on our European partners to expand sanctions on Russia.”
3. Globe & Mail:  Bill Browder hoped Ottawa would lead on sanctions. He’s now disappointed
 
Bill Browder. Photo – Reuters/Yuri Gripas
Doug Sanders of Globe and Mail has published an opinion piece based on a recent interview with Bill Browder, expressing concern on Canada’s implementation of human rights sanctions.
“Canada, which most people consider to be sort of the moral leader in the world, right now is actually behind the Trump administration, as far as the Magnitsky Act goes.” said Browder
According to Mr. Browder, Canada is missing an opportunity to be a leader in this field.  While being initially impressed with Canada, when Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland introduced the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act, (subtitled the Sergei Magnitsky Law) which was passed unanimously in the House of Commons and subsequent adoption of the list of officials to be sanctioned, Mr. Browder now expresses serious concern on Canada’s approach.
“Every time that we have tried to engage with the government, it seems that there is a bit of chaos over there – it’s not even clear what the process is for getting people added to the list,” he said. “I would argue that the implementation of the Magnitsky Act in Canada has been disappointing,” Browder noted.
4. Another Ukrainian Company Receives Organic Certification
One of the largest organic producers in Ukraine “Agroecology” company from Poltava region has received an organic certificate under the Canadian Standard COR (Canada Organic Regime). This is one of the success stories of the CUTIS project or Canada-Ukraine Trade and Investments Support which is a 5-year (2016-2021) development assistance initiative, funded by Global Affairs Canada.
According to the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine, Ukraine exported $ 45.5 million worth of goods to Canada during the first eight months of 2018 which is 45,8% more than during the same period in 2017.
Interestingly, just 5-10 years ago only large business considered entering the Canadian market, now more and more domestic small and medium-sized enterprises want to try their luck in Canada, as reported by CUTIS.
The growth of Ukraine’s export performance was facilitated among other things by the introduction of the Canada-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement (CUFTA) providing additional opportunities for domestic companies to export to the promising Canadian market. The agreement, which entered into force on 1 August, 2017, provides for the abolition of import duties for 98% of Ukrainian goods.

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